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December 20, 2023

Contributed by:

Benjamin Tran, CEO of Bitech Technologies

The history of traditional power grids can be traced back to the late 19th century, a time when electric power systems were being developed and expanded in order to meet the growing demands of industrialization and war efforts. Prior to this period, electricity was mainly used for lighting and other domestic purposes, but with the increase in demand for electricity-powered machines such as factories and transportation systems, there was a need for efficient distribution of power. This led to the establishment of centralized power generation plants, where large amounts of electricity could be produced and then transmitted through a network of transmission lines to reach homes and businesses. This system became known as the traditional power grid. Over the years, advancements in technology have improved the efficiency and reliability of these grids, making them an integral part of modern society's infrastructure. However, with an increasing focus on sustainability and renewable energy sources, there are ongoing efforts to modernize and upgrade these traditional grids to make them more environmentally friendly and resilient against potential failures or disasters. Nonetheless, it is undeniable that the development of traditional power grids has played a crucial role in shaping our world into what it is today.

Bitech Technologies [OTCQB: BTTC] analyzes major milestones of the Traditional Power Grid to reach Smart Power Grid through an evolution to include the following:

Late 19 th Century: The development of electric power systems began in the late 19th century with pioneers like Thomas Edison and Nikola Tesla. Edison's Pearl Street Station in New York City, which began operations in 1882, is often considered the first central power station in the United States.

In the late 19th century, a monumental shift was taking place in the field of energy. With innovations such as steam power and gas lighting already well-established, scientists and inventors were now turning their attention towards the potential of electric power.

Among these pioneers were two individuals whose names would go down in history – Thomas Edison and Nikola Tesla. Both men had different approaches to harnessing electricity, but their combined efforts would lay the foundation for modern-day electric power systems.

Edison's Pearl Street Station, located in New York City, is often hailed as the first central power station in the United States. This impressive facility began operations in 1882 and marked a significant milestone in the development of electric power systems.

At its core, the Pearl Street Station was a generator that produced direct current (DC) electricity. It was powered by coal-fired boilers and fed electricity through underground cables to surrounding buildings. The station initially served around 400 customers, providing them with reliable and affordable energy for lighting and other uses.

However, Edison's DC system faced limitations when it came to transmitting electricity over longer distances. This led to the emergence of alternate systems using alternating current (AC), which could be converted to higher voltages for more efficient transmission. This is where Tesla's contributions came into play.

Tesla focused on developing an AC system that used transformers to increase voltage for long-distance transmission while reducing it back down for use in homes and businesses. His work became vital for expanding electric power systems beyond small localized areas.

As Edison's DC system continued to face challenges and criticisms, Tesla's AC system gained popularity due to its versatility and ability to transmit electricity over greater distances. By 1896, Niagara Falls had become home to one of the largest hydroelectric plants in North America, utilizing Tesla's AC technology.

The competition between Edison and Tesla eventually dissipated as both systems proved essential components in modern-day electric power grids. Without their pioneering efforts, it is difficult to imagine the world we live in today, with electricity powering everything from homes and businesses to transportation and communication.

In conclusion, the development of electric power systems in the late 19th century was a pivotal moment in history, made possible by the innovative minds of Thomas Edison and Nikola Tesla. Their contributions laid the foundation for the reliable and efficient distribution of electricity that we continue to benefit from today.

Early 20 th Century: The early 1900s saw the expansion of power grids to supply electricity to homes, businesses, and industries. Direct current (DC) systems were initially prevalent, but alternating current (AC) systems, championed by Tesla and others, became the dominant technology due to their advantages in long-distance power transmission.

In the early 1900s, the world saw a significant expansion in power grids that revolutionized the way electricity was supplied to homes, businesses, and industries. This period marked a major shift towards modernization and progress as more and more cities began to embrace this new technology.

At first, direct current (DC) systems were widely used for power distribution. However, these systems had limitations when it came to long-distance transmission. As a result, they were not suitable for supplying electricity to areas that were located far away from power plants.

It was during this time that alternating current (AC) systems gained popularity and eventually became the dominant technology in the power industry. The rise of AC can be attributed to its champion, Nikola Tesla, who advocated for its use due to its numerous advantages over DC.

One of the main benefits of AC systems was their ability to transmit electricity over long distances without losing much of its power. This made it possible for power plants located outside of cities to supply electricity to urban areas effectively. It also meant that larger regions could be connected to a single grid, resulting in greater efficiency and cost savings.

Another advantage of AC over DC was its ability to operate at higher voltages. This allowed for smaller wires and thinner transmission lines compared to DC systems, reducing costs and making installation easier.

Additionally, AC systems could easily be converted into different voltages using transformers – a feature that DC lacked. This made it possible to adjust the voltage according to specific needs in different locations.

Despite initial resistance from those who favored DC systems, the undeniable benefits of AC eventually won over most cities around the world. By the mid-1920s, nearly all new installations were using alternating current for power distribution.

The adoption of AC not only transformed how electricity was transmitted but also played a crucial role in spurring industrialization and economic growth during this era. With abundant access to reliable electrical energy, businesses flourished, and people's lives were significantly improved.

In conclusion, the early 1900s saw a monumental shift in power technology as AC systems surpassed DC to become the leading source of electricity. Thanks to visionaries like Nikola Tesla, we now have a more efficient and reliable way of supplying power that has benefited society in countless ways.

1930s – 1950s: The power grid continued to expand, with the construction of transmission and distribution networks to connect power generation facilities with end-users. This period also saw the electrification of rural areas in many countries.

As the demand for electricity continued to rise, so did the development of the power grid. With new advancements in technology and a growing population, the need for reliable and widespread access to electricity became increasingly apparent.

In response to this demand, transmission and distribution networks were constructed to connect power generation facilities with end-users. These networks were a crucial component of the expanding power grid, as they allowed for the efficient transfer of electricity over long distances.

However, it was not just urban centers that benefited from this expansion. The electrification of rural areas also became a top priority in many countries during this period. For too long, those living in remote and underdeveloped regions had been deprived of modern conveniences such as electric lighting and appliances.

This push towards rural electrification was driven by governments and international organizations alike, recognizing that access to electricity was not only necessary for economic growth but also for improving quality of life. Through various initiatives and funding programs, rural communities were able to receive electricity through the construction of smaller-scale power plants and distribution systems.

The impact of rural electrification cannot be understated - it brought about significant improvements in healthcare services, education opportunities, and overall living standards for those who had previously lived without access to electricity.

As the power grid continued to expand across both urban and rural areas, it became clear that electricity was no longer a luxury but a necessity for society's progress. This period marked a major milestone in our history as we tapped into the potential of electricity on a global scale.

Today, thanks to the ongoing development and maintenance of these transmission and distribution networks, we are able to enjoy reliable access to electricity wherever we may live or work. The power grid continues to evolve and adapt with new technologies emerging every day - providing us with endless possibilities for future growth and development.

1970s – 1990s: Advancements in technology, particularly in computerization and control systems, began to influence power grids. Substation automation and the use of supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) systems became more common, enhancing grid monitoring and control capabilities.

The rapid advancements in technology have had a significant impact on various industries, from communication to transportation. However, one sector that has greatly benefited from these developments is the power grid. With the increasing demand for electricity and growing concerns about energy efficiency and sustainability, the need for more sophisticated technology in the power sector became evident.

In recent years, computerization and control systems have become crucial components of power grids across the world. These advanced systems have revolutionized the way electricity is generated, transmitted, and distributed. The introduction of substation automation and supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) systems has greatly enhanced grid monitoring and control capabilities.

Substation automation involves integrating intelligent electronic devices into substations that can monitor, collect data, and control various aspects of electrical equipment. This allows for real-time monitoring and analysis of substations, enabling quick identification and resolution of any faults or issues that may arise. Additionally, it reduces the need for manual labor at substations, making operations more efficient and cost-effective.

Furthermore, SCADA systems provide a centralized platform for operators to monitor and control all aspects of the power grid remotely. Through sophisticated sensors installed throughout the grid infrastructure, SCADA systems collect real-time data on voltage levels, current flows, temperature readings, etc., allowing operators to make informed decisions promptly. This level of automation not only enhances operational efficiency but also improves system reliability by identifying potential problems before they escalate.

Moreover, with access to accurate real-time data through these advanced technologies, operators can quickly respond to changing demands in energy consumption. They can adjust voltage levels or reroute power to meet spikes in demand efficiently. This not only ensures a continuous supply of electricity but also helps reduce waste by optimizing distribution.

As these advancements continue to be implemented in power grids worldwide, we can expect even more significant improvements in reliability and efficiency. The integration of artificial intelligence (AI) into these systems is already being explored as a means to automate decision-making processes and further enhance grid operations.

In conclusion, the impact of technology on the power grid cannot be overstated. With substation automation and SCADA systems becoming more prevalent, we are witnessing a monumental shift in the way the world's energy needs are met. These advancements not only improve operational efficiency but also pave the way for a more sustainable and reliable energy future.

Late 20 th Century: The latter part of the 20th century saw increased interconnection of regional power systems, leading to the development of larger, interconnected grids. This facilitated the exchange of electricity between different regions and improved overall grid reliability.

In the latter half of the 20th century, a significant shift occurred in the energy sector. Regional power systems began to connect and merge, forming larger and more complex grids. The implications of this development were far-reaching, with advancements that would greatly benefit society as a whole.

The interconnection of regional power systems was driven by the growing demand for electricity. As populations expanded and industries grew, the traditional power systems could no longer keep up with the increasing consumption. It became clear that a more interconnected approach was needed to meet these demands.

The result was the creation of larger, interconnected grids that spanned across regions. This allowed for the exchange of electricity between different areas, providing a more reliable and stable source of power. Gone were the days of localized blackouts and outages, as these interconnected grids ensured a continuous flow of electricity.

One major advantage of this system was its ability to balance out uneven energy usage among regions. For example, during peak hours when one region may be experiencing high energy demands, another region may have excess supply. Through these interconnected grids, surplus electricity can be transferred to areas in need, avoiding potential disruptions or shortages.

Another remarkable benefit was improved grid reliability. With multiple sources contributing to the overall grid, any issues or failures in one area could be quickly compensated for by other connected systems. This reduced downtime significantly and enhanced efficiency in meeting energy demands.

Furthermore, this interconnection also allowed for renewable energy sources from one region to supplement non-renewable sources in another region. This not only promoted sustainability but also reduced reliance on fossil fuels.

As technology continued to advance over time, so did these interconnected grids. Smart grid technology integrated into these systems enabled better control and monitoring capabilities, ensuring optimal performance at all times.

Today, we continue to reap the benefits of this development from decades ago. Our modern-day society relies heavily on electricity for almost every aspect of daily life - from powering homes and businesses to transportation and communication. Thanks to the interconnected grids of the latter part of the 20th century, we can enjoy a steady, reliable supply of electricity to meet our ever-growing needs.

In conclusion, the interconnection of regional power systems was a pivotal moment in the energy sector. It allowed for the creation of larger, interconnected grids that facilitated the exchange of electricity between different regions, resulting in multiple benefits such as improved reliability and efficiency. As we move towards a more sustainable future, these interconnected grids will continue to play a vital role in meeting our energy demands.

2000s Onward: The 21st century brought further advancements in grid technology, with an increased focus on automation, digital communication, and smart grid concepts. Countries around the world began to explore and implement smart grid initiatives to modernize their power infrastructure.

As the 21st century dawned upon us, it brought about a wave of technological progress unlike any other. The world saw exponential growth in various industries, with the energy sector being no exception. One particular area that witnessed significant advancements was grid technology.

With an increased emphasis on automation, digital communication, and smart grid concepts, the power industry underwent a remarkable transformation. Countries around the globe were quick to recognize the potential of these advancements and began exploring ways to modernize their current power infrastructure.

The concept of a smart grid was at the forefront of this revolution. It is a sophisticated system that integrates advanced technologies such as sensors, communication networks, and data analytics into traditional power grids. The primary goal of a smart grid is to optimize energy delivery while promoting efficiency and sustainability.

Governments across the world recognized that investing in smart grid technology would not only improve their energy infrastructure but also have numerous economic and environmental benefits. Many countries started implementing smart grid initiatives by upgrading existing grids or building new ones from scratch.

One such country that embraced this change was Japan. With its rapidly growing population and need for reliable energy supply, Japan sought to modernize its outdated power infrastructure by integrating smart grid concepts. They aimed to increase efficiency, reduce carbon emissions, and enhance consumer experience through real-time monitoring and control of energy consumption.

In Europe, countries like Germany and Denmark have already made impressive strides in adopting renewable energy sources into their smart grids. By utilizing wind turbines and solar panels along with advanced tech like battery storage systems and intelligent meters, these nations were able to reduce their dependence on fossil fuels significantly.

Similar developments could be seen in developing nations as well. In countries like India and China where electricity demand is rapidly increasing due to urbanization and industrialization, governments are investing heavily in building robust smart grids for efficient energy distribution.

With each passing year in the 21st century, grid technology continues to evolve at an unprecedented rate. As more countries adopt smart grid initiatives, it is evident that this trend will continue. The potential of these advancements to transform the power sector and shape our future for the better is enormous.

In conclusion, the 21st century has brought about remarkable progress in grid technology, with a strong emphasis on automation, digital communication, and smart grids. Countries around the world have embraced this change and are actively working towards modernizing their power infrastructure. It is an exciting time for the energy industry as we witness the birth of a new era in energy distribution – one that promises efficiency, sustainability, and a brighter future for generations to come.


Throughout history, traditional power grids have undergone significant developments and advancements. From small, localized systems to extensive and interconnected networks, power grids have evolved to supply electricity to a wide range of consumers. Bitech Technologies [OTCQB: BTTC] has seen the emergence of new challenges such as aging infrastructure, increasing energy demand, and the need for more sustainable and resilient systems, leading to a growing demand for smarter solutions. This has led our management team at Bitech to push forward the ongoing transition towards smart grids - a modernized version of traditional power grids that incorporate advanced technologies for improved efficiency and flexibility. The integration of these advanced technologies allows for better monitoring and control of energy flow, enabling utilities to respond quickly to changes in energy demands and improve overall grid performance. As our society continues to develop and rely heavily on electricity, the importance of smart grids in providing reliable and sustainable energy cannot be overstated.